Shinzo Abe was a former Japanese prime minister, its longest serving one over two separate stints (2006–7 and 2012–20). He represented Japan’s Liberal Democratic Party, and was a political conservative who was controversial during his time in office for his defensiveness over Japan’s WW2 atrocities, and his desire for the Japanese military to start playing a more interventionist role abroad (something they are currently restricted from doing by the Japanese constitution).
Abe was assassinated on 8 July 2022 in the city of Nara, while on the campaign trail for upper house elections that were due two days later. He was shot by a 41-year-old man who’d formerly been in the Japanese navy, who appeared to have built his own gun. The man blamed Abe for his family’s crushing poverty, not due to his policies as PM, but due to his links to a far-right wing Christian cult-like church, the Unification Church, to which the assassin’s mother had donated the family’s entire life savings.