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Romance languages

The Romance languages form one branch of the Indo-European languages. Descending ultimately from Latin, the most-spoken Romance languages today are Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian, Romanian and Catalan, although there are also many smaller ones.

The Romance family can be subdivided into further smaller families:

  • Western Romance
    • Ibero-Romance (Spanish, Portuguese, Galician, Astur-Leonese, Aragonese…)
    • Occitano-Romance (Catalan, Occitan…)
    • Gallo-Romance (French, Arpitan, Langues d’oïl…)
    • Rhaeto-Romance (Romansh, Ladin, Friulian…)
    • Gallo-Italian (Piedmontese, Ligurian, Lombard, Emilian-Romagnol…)
  • Italo-Dalmatian
    • Italian (Standard Italian, Neapolitan, Sicilian….)
    • Dalmatian (Dalmatian itself, Istriot)
  • Eastern Romance
  • Sardinian

In addition to this, there were also historically African Romance, British Romance and Pannonian Romance (in the Balkans) varieties that did not survive beyond the Middle Ages.