Nur-Sultan, known prior to 2019 as Astana, is the planned capital city of Kazakhstan. It has a population of 1 million people, making it the second-largest city in the country. it’s located in the north of the country, on the bank of the Ishim River.

The city was founded in 1830 as Akmoly, was renamed Akmolinsk two years later, and was known between 1992–1997 as Akmola. Its current name, Nur-Sultan, is in honour of the former Kazakh leader, Nursultan Nazarbayev.