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Mondezo

Mondezo is an Esperantido first created by Viktor Medrano in 2001. It’s designed to be a dialect of Esperanto, rather than a totally separate language. The changes it makes are:

  • The orthography is slightly different.
    • ⟨y⟩ is used for the sound represented in Esperanto as ⟨j⟩.
    • The accented letters ⟨ĉ ĥ ĵ ŝ⟩ are written as digraphs: ⟨ch kh zh sh⟩
    • The accented letters ⟨ĝ⟩ and ⟨ŭ⟩ are written with the Latin letters ⟨j⟩ and ⟨w⟩
  • Mondezo uses zi- instead of Esperanto’s ĉi ti-.
  • It lacks the definite article la. If you need to refer to a specific thing, you can use tiu “that” or ziu “this”.
  • Specifying verb tense is optional; you can just use the infinitive if the time isn’t important, or infinitive + a temporal adverb if it is important but you don’t like verb tenses.
  • The verb endings for past, present, future and conditional are -in, -an, -on and -un respectively, using “n” instead of “s”.
  • The accusative marker is not used in Mondezo; instead it uses word order (mostly SVO; OSV can be used in relative clauses).
    • Question words (like kiu “who”, kio “what”, etc.) don’t have to go at the front of the sentence because of this; instead if they’re objects (as in “Who did you see?”) they go where the object would usually go in the sentence.
  • Adjectives do not decline for case or number.
  • The plural suffix is -s, and it only goes on nouns.
  • Word roots are gender-neutral, and a suffix -ich- must be used to make words masculine just as -in- must be used to make them feminine.
  • Gi exists as a gender-neutral third-person pronoun.
  • A distinction is made between ci as a singular and vi as a plural second-person pronoun.
  • In Mondezo, the root of a country word (e.g. Franco, Ruso) always refers to the country itself. The demonym is derived from that with the suffix -an- (e.g. francano, rusano), and the language with -ez- (e.g. francezo, rusezo).
  • There is a focus particle ya which can be placed in front of whichever word is the focus of the sentence.

See Also / References