Corporatism is a political philosophy that involves the people being represented by “corporations” instead of by themselves, directly. It was the driving philosophy behind Portugal’s Estado Novo (a one-party state in all but name), and has also been described as the reigning ideology in Mexico during the years where the PRI basically controlled everything in that country. Both these regimes replaced independent trade unions that might actually have represented workers’ interests with state-controlled yellow unions that were more interested in appeasing employers and politicians.

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