Indonesia is a vast country in maritime southeast Asia, spanning more 17,000 islands in a vast archipelago. Its population is more than 270 million, making it the fourth-largest country by population in the world. Over half its population lives on the island of Java. Indonesia was a dictatorship for much of the latter half of the 20th century, and still today it is criticised for its repressive tactics against national minorities, like the West Papuans and (decades ago) the East Timorese, who never wanted to be part of Indonesia and were subsumed into it by force. Indonesia is one of Australia’s closest neighbours, geographically, so lots of Australians go on holidays there, and lots of Indonesians come here for work or study.