I love this study! And its results are not surprising at all, considering how Gidget reacts when she hears the name of her nemesis, Gracie! 😆 Basically, the experiment involved household cats hearing the name of a cat that they knew, and shown a picture of a cat that either was that cat (the congruent case) or a different cat (the incongruent case). Cats stared at the screen longer if the picture was of a different cat from the name they heard, presumably because they were confused why it wasn’t the right cat, which suggests they know the names of other cats in the first place. The researchers also did a version of the experiment where they used the names and faces of the cats’ humans instead (which showed a similar effect but weaker).
That said, I think my favourite part of this paper was this:
One cat completed only the first trial before escaping from the room and climbing out of reach.